Glands vulva diagram
The skin is smooth, moist, and pink and has sebaceous and sweat glands. In mild cases, pelvic floor exercises can help. Both sets of lips sweat and produce discharges which serve to waterproof the vulva and defend the vagina from disease organisms. The pudendal nerve transmits pain messages and other sensations from the vulva. This inhibits growth of other bacteria, bacterial pathogens and fungus. The vulva consists of many sensitive parts. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Clinical Anatomy of the Vulva, Vagina, Lower Pelvis, and Perineum
What is vulvar cancer?
This point of fusion is called the supravaginal septum or vesicocervical ligament. Am J Obstet Gynecol The vulva The term vulva means the external sex organs of a woman. Health Topics A-Z Read more. Stereograph showing the connective tissue septa and paravaginal spaces in relation to the bladder, uterus, and rectum.
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They observed that the bilateral vestibular bulbs unite ventral to the urethral orifice to form a thin strand of spongiosus erectile tissue connection pars intermedia that ends into the clitoris as the glans. The hymen is a dermal membrane that wholly or partially occludes the external orifice of the vagina and is generally perforate. Main risk factors include multiparity, advanced age, menopause, obesity, conjunctival tissue diseases, smoking and chronic pulmonary obstructive disease. The vulva includes the labia minora, labia majora, the clitoris, the urinary meatus, the vaginal opening, and the corpus spongiosum erectile tissue vestibular bulbs of the labia minora. The fibrous capsule external to this muscular coat is rich in elastic fibers and large venous plexuses. Magnetic resonance imaging of the vagina: The vesicocervical space is the continuation of the vesicovaginal space superiorly above the supravaginal septum.
The nerve passes through the pelvis and enters the vulvar region near the ischial spine, which is part of the hip bone. The urogenital triangle, with the pubic symphysis being its apex and anal triangle with its apex at the coccyx. HK Lewis, , pp — The vaginal orifice is surrounded or somewhat covered by a membranous fold of skin known as the hymen ; any of a variety of activities can cause the hymen to stretch or tear. Bartholin glands are derived from the urogenital sinus, secrete mucus and are located in the vaginal vestibule. The inner portion of this complex is made up of the sphincter urethrae — a circular muscle that surrounds the inner two thirds of the urethra, the compressor urethrae and the urethrovaginal sphincter previously known together as the deep transverse perineus muscle. The labia minora, which lie within the labia majora and extend from the clitoris to the fourchette, are smooth and hairless.